Mayer, Gerhard 1 2 3
- Born: Apr 11, 1826, Allscheid, Vulkaneifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
- Christened: Apr 12, 1826, Bruchhausen, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
- Marriage: Neumes, Anna Elizabeth on Aug 26, 1856 in Ontonagon, Ontonagon, Michigan, USA
- Died: Oct 8, 1869, Sheboygan Marsh, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, USA at age 43
- Buried: Oct 1869, Saint Anna, Calumet, Wisconsin, USA
Another name for Gerhard was Gerardus.
Provided by Carol Morse:
The following is told by Paul Mayer (son of Joseph Peter b: Aug 7, 1894). Not all statements are necessarily fact, but rather his interpretation of the history of events.
On October 9, 1807 Fredrick William of Prussia issued a decree liberating the serfs. Aristocratic estates could be bought and sold and professions were no longer dictated by social standing. The majority of poor peasants were landless and could only find temporary employment from large landowners. It may be fair to assume that Gerhardt's father, Michael moved his family from Bruchausen to Allschied soon after the birth of Gerhardt in 1826. The treaty of Paris (1814) had given the Rhineland its freedom from Napoleon and Ludwig Von Beethoven would compose for one more year of his life.
Until 1860 the Rhineland was a grain exporter. It was the breadbasket of Europe, but its agriculture was very primitive. It's possible that Michael was employed by a landowner or was a member of a farming commune within the small village of Allschied. Church records from the Catholic Church of Darshied indicate that siblings John Joseph, Maria Clara, Anna Catherine and Nicholas Boniface were born in Allschied. Anna Catherine may have died in early childhood because there are no other records of her existence.
At the early age of thirty-five, Gerhardt's mother, Anna Marie died. Young Nocolas was two years old and Gerhardt was fourteen years old. When Gerhardt was twenty-two he took upon himself the responsibility of leading four family members to Wisconsin. Within the group were John J., age twenty-one; Maria Clara, age nineteen; Nicholas Boniface, age ten; and the mother-in-law of John J., Katherine Wellems, age sixty five. Port of call in Wisconsin may have been Sheboygan or Milwaukee. The final link to the New World was an uncle by the name of Gerhart Halfman who farmed in the township of Taycheedah within Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin. Attempts to find the good life began in the small village of St. Anna, Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Part time or seasonal employment was the only thing available and the life style of the family is unknown. Distance to Taycheedah from St. Anna is about fifteen miles and I'm sure the uncle was of tremendous help to the family. The farms within this area were purchased from a Federal Land Office in Green Bay. German Rhinelanders who emigrated about fifteen years earlier were the primary landowners within the area. Partially developed farmland was no longer inexpensive and resale of property was limited. This was no easy task when you consider the economic conditions that they found themselves in.
Once again Gerhardt lead the family members onto a new adventure looking for better potential. The only way to travel to Ontanagon, Michigan was by sailing schooner via Sault Ste. Marie and Lake Superior. Because of the prevailing northwest winds the voyage had to last five days or more. Employment was found with the Minnesota Mine of Rockland/Ontanagon Mining District and the raw material mined was copper. The Minnesota Mine recruited laborers who were Cornish miners, Irish surface workers and German machinists, carpenters and blacksmiths. An 1860 federal census lists a population of 1844 people living and working within 236 buildings. Many buildings were boarding houses with 35 or 40 residents segregated by nationality. Within this environment, Gerhardt married Elizabeth on August 26, 1856. The marriage ceremony was performed by Father Martin Fox with the Irish Catholic church of St. Mary's in Irish Hollow, of the Minnesota Mine. First-born son Joseph was born September 10, 1857. The following test will be insight of living and employment conditions at the Minnesota Mine during this time.
In the year 1859 or 1860 the families returned to the St. Anna area. Purchase of farms was the objective of everyone except Nicholas. Gerhardt purchased property at the end of Irish Road, Township of Russell in Calumet County, Wisconsin. Because of his growing family, Gerhardt was forced to find additional employment within the small village of Rhine Mills. Jacob Rummel constructed a mill about a mile from the outlet of the Sheboygan Marsh, which are the headwaters of the Sheboygan River. Gerhardt's part time mill employment was dependent upon harvest times. Because of the distance, Gerhardt may have boarded within the village of Rhine Mills rather than commute. Gerhardt's farm bordered the marsh and excess moisture was an ever-present problem. Spring thaws would result in many of the lower field being covered with water and planting of grain would be delayed. With many challenges, the Mayer's seemed to survive within a state of lower than average income.
October 18, 1869 tragedy struck the Mayer family. Gerhardt was trampled and killed by a run-away team of horses while working at the mill. Wake and visition for family and friends took place within the family farmhouse. Burial and interment was performed at St. anna Catholic Church. Gerhardt was one of the earlier deaths within the parish because his burial plot is near the front entrance to the cemetery. Elizabeth was widowed at the age of 40 and the children's ages were as follows: Joesph, 12 years 1 month; John, 10 years 4 months; Nicholas (Klaus), 8 years 1 month; and Christian, 6 years 2 months. Probate documents indicate that physical properties were meager and few in number.
Christening Record gave date and mother Maria Elizabeth Halfmann.Carol Morse has birth date as 4 Nov 1826
1852 on ship age 26
1860 Census Russell, Sheboygan, WI age 34 farmer with wife Elizabeth age 36 born Prussia and two children Joseph age 3 born Michigan and John age 1 WI
Paul Meyer gave death date and burial place /Lynda said he died Nov 18 1869 when a run away team of horses pulling a wagon on an icey old country road . The Wagon turned over Gerard was killed and two horses had to be shot.Carol Morse gave 18 Oct 1869 as death date and place.
Tombstone gave death date of 8 Oct 1869
1860 US Census: Russell, Sheboygan Co., Wisconsin
Gerard Meier 34 ; Elizabeth 36, Joseph 3; John 1 both born Wisconsin
1869: Gerhard Meyer died October 18, 1869 when a run away team of hors es pulling a wagon on an icey old country road turned over. Gerard was killed and two horses had to be shot. Tombstone gave death date of October 8, 1869.
1870 US Census: Russell Sheboygan Co., Wisconsin
Elisabeth Maier 50 widow born Prussia, Joseph 12 born Michigan; Joha nn 10 born Wisconsin; Nicolas 8 born Wisconsin; Crezant 6 born Wisconsin
1880 US Census: Russell, Sheboygan Co., Wisconsin
Nick Flornceng 56 born Belgium; Elizabeth, wife 60 born Prussia
Stepchildren: Joseph Meyer 22 ; Johan Meyer 20; Nicholas Meyer 18; Christi an Meyer 17 all born Wisconsin
Noted events in his life were:
• Birth Record: Civil Birth Document, Apr 11, 1826, Bruchhausen, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. Today the 11th April at 11 am
in the year 1826, came to me Cornel
Metten Mayor, government official of the village
of Nürburg and Bruchhausen, county Adenau, Bezirk of Koblenz, Michel M a y e r, farmer , 30 years old,
living in Bruchhausen, and presented to me a
child of male sex of him the declarant
and his legal wife Maria Elisabetha
Halfmann, 21 years old, gezeugt and born
today the 11th April at 7 am
in the parents' house in Bruchhausen
Nr. 1. - He declared to give this child
the surname Gerhard. - This
declaration und presentation are donein
presence of Peter Annen, farmer, 21 years
old, living in Bruchhausen, and of Peter
Biersbach, farmer, 58 years old, living in
Bruchhausen, and the father has signed alone with
me. - Both witnesses said completely
Maier, unable to write after done reading out. Metten
• Parish Register: Christening, Apr 12, 1826, Bruchhausen, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. 4
• Emigration: The People of Allscheid efforts to Emigrate, 1846, Allscheid, Vulkaneifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. 5
From: Albert Emmerich
Sent: Monday, November 02, 2009 2:00 PM
To: Danielle Almquist; Jeff Babcock; Carole Beach; Deloris Kleinhans; Dolores Meyer Clover; Brian Meyers; Carol Morse; Robert Schumacher; Diane M Scott
Subject: New member of Allscheid group
Hi to descendants of Allscheid people,
we have a new member in our group: We welcome Danielle Almquist. She descends from Johann Georg Escher and Catharina Ternes of Allscheid, and their son Johann Escher of Allscheid - all three arriving on ship Antarctic in NY on Sep 3rd 1852.
Danielle already has sent me a GEDCOM file with the descendants of the Eschers. I have put two generations of it to Rootsweb today, see <http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi>
NEW INFO FROM GERMANY
In the last two days I found a new source for Allscheid data. It is on a webpage which is open only for members of WGfF (Westdeutsche Gesellschaft für Familienforschung).
On that webpage their is a digital copy of a book written by Josef Mergen: Auswanderung aus dem Kreis Daun im 19. Jahrhundert ( Emigration from County of Daun in the 19th century ).
On page 69 of this book the problems in Germany are discussed which resulted from the many people leaving Germany. One of the problems was, that the value of houses and farms became smaller and smaller because of many houses and farms were sold. Then we find a part of a letter which was written by the District Administrator of Daun District on Jan 25th 1846 (!):
"Ja, sogar haben vor wenigen Tagen die Glieder der 78 Einwohner zählenden Gemeinde Allscheid insgesamt die Erklärung abgegeben, nach Amerika auswandern zu wollen, wenn es gestattet würde, das Gemeinde-Eigentum zu veräußern und den Erlös unter sich zu teilen. Ich habe natürlich den Antrag abgewiesen."
"Yes, moreover some days ago the members alltogether of the village of Allscheid with its 78 inhabitants have declared, that they intend to emigrate to America, if only they were allowed to sell the properties of the village and to divide the money in between them. Off course I did not accept that application."
This is the first document for me which shows that the Allscheid people tried to emigrate long before 1852 - it took more than 6 years for them to make their plans to become true!!!
On page 82 - 84 we find the list of emigrants from Allscheid. There again we have new information: In 1843 Martin Hennrichs of Allscheid emigrated to "North America", with 4 persons ( most probably his wife and two children ). In 1846 the authorities were discussing about the plans of the Allscheid people in 1846 and were asking, whether Martin Hennrichs had written letters to his former neighbours in Allscheid, and therefore they all wanted to emigrate. However there is no proof for any letter sent by Martin Hennrichs.
The list was written by the mayor of Gillenfeld, at that time responsible for former Allscheid. It shows most of the Allscheid emigrants, some of the children are missing. However it shows some more families, which we do not have on the Antarctic. So some of the former Allscheid people went to other villages or emigrated later.
I will put those data to Rootsweb / Allscheid-page later.
Have a nice day,
• Immigration: How the Meyer's settled in Wisconsin, 1852, , , Wisconsin, USA. 6 On or about July 9, 1845 Gerhard, his wife Anna Catharina (Koenigs) Halfman and their two children, Margaretha and Chrysanth boarded the clipper ship "Duchesses de O'leans"in Antwerp Belgium, bound for the strange new place called New York.
The boat docked in New York harbor on August 29, 1845. Along with them on the boat were many people with last names that now appear in Fond du Lac Co., Wisconsin, such as; Thome, Gross, Koenigs and Kasper (Casper).
They disembarked and boarded a boat which traveled up the Hudson River to the Erie Canal. From there they sailed to Detroit, Michigan. In Detroit they boarded another ship which took them around the lower peninsula of Michigan to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After 4 months of travel they finally arrived in Calumet, Wisconsin located to the east of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. they had journeyed half way around their known world.
In Calumet township they met a few families that had also recently arrived, the Brost and Fuchs families Mrs. Halfman's third cousin Mrs. (Antone) Anna Catharina (Koenigs) Weber who arrived with her family in Fond du Lac County in 1842, was one of the first German settlers of this new land called Wisconsin. They were founding members of St. John the Baptist Catholic Church in Johnsburg, Wisconsin.
1847: Gerhard and Anna C. settled in Taycheedah township, Fond du Lac Co., Wisconsin near the small village of Johnsburg, Wisconsin, which had the only Catholic church between Little Chute and Milwaukee. It was near this small village that their youngest child, John Baptist Halfman was born on January 10, 1847.
Over the next few years small numbers of settlers moved into the area of Fond du Lac Co., Wisconsin. These settlers were mostly single men. The desire to come to the new world was promoted by two German authors and their publications. In 1847 Herr Fleischmann published a book for the German people. His book told the people of the old country that the Territory of Wisconsin was similar to Germany in terrain and climate. He wrote of large areas of unpopulated land compared to the overcrowed lands of Germany. American land could be purchased for the small sum of $1.25 per acre.
Another book published in 1849 was written by Gustav Richter. He directed this book toward the inhabitants of the Rheinland. He specifically recommended the following four counties of Wisconsin for German settlement; Fond du Lac, Manitowoc, Sheboygan and Winnebago. Both books had a huge impact on the old world society. People bought these books by the thousands, read them and planned their move across the great expanse of the Atlantic. From 1844 to 1854, 1,226,392 Germans braved the elements and settled in the United States, most of them in the Midwest.
1848: Wisconsin Land Records: Gerhard Halfman Issue date May 1, 1848 Land Office Green Bay; document #4089, 40 acres; Base Line 4th PM-1831 Minnesota/Wisconsin township 16N; range 18E; Section 14
1852: Gerhard Halfman and his family after settling in Taycheedah township, were followed by four nephews whom also settled in Wisconsin. Gerhard Mayer was the only God Son of Gerhard Halfman. Gerhard Mayer settled near St. Anna, Calumet Co., Wisconsin along with two of his brothers, Christian Mayer and John Joseph Mayer, who in later years went to Mitchell Co., Iowa where a village by the name of Meyer, Iowa is named after him. Another brother of the Mayer boys, Adam also settled in Wisconsin.
Gerhard married Anna Elizabeth Neumes, daughter of Franz Neumes and Maria Gertrud Schenk, on Aug 26, 1856 in Ontonagon, Ontonagon, Michigan, USA. (Anna Elizabeth Neumes was born on Aug 2, 1820 in Schönbach, , Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and died on Sep 15, 1902 in Saint Anna, Calumet, Wisconsin, USA.)